W3 = 0 + CH4NC3

Degree show 2017

After the loss of a dear family member in 2015, I focussed my energy on this quote from Albert Einstein:

‘Now he has departed from this strange world a little ahead of me. That signifies nothing. For those of us who believe in physics, the distinction between past, present and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.’ (Letter of 21 March 1955. Einstein Archives 7-245)

W3 = 0 + CH4NC3
Juin 2017, Installation view, W3 = 0 + CH4NC3

I became interested in the concept of spacetime, the fourth dimension that sweeps away the Euclidean reality which defines our world. I read how it replaces it with a fluid framework where coordinates become relative to the observer and where the unidirectional path of time from past to future no longer applies:

There are no temporal distinctions between past, present and future in the fourth dimension, just a ‘now’ that is relative to what we are doing, our location, our speed and trajectory in space.

W3=0+Cn4Nc3 is a transcript of we=0+chance which describes an interactive piece, where the participant chooses his or her starting point and engages in a performance contributing towards the building of a work with the use of chance.

It discusses the idea of a fluid framework where the coordinates are relative to the observer and considers the relationship between the direction of these lines in space and time.

How it works

Navigation board, acrylic on foam board, 70 x 70cm

This diagram defines 96 directions in space:

Each direction is defined by a pair of coordinates. The first coordinate locates the square where the 2nd coordinate will be defined and which will define the trajectory.

For example (1:2): ‘1’ indicates that the direction is defined by a coordinate located on the first square from the starting point on the grid and ‘2’ indicates what the orientation of the trajectory will be, from the starting point on the grid to the top right corner of the first square around this point.

At any given time (from the clock on the wall) the roll of a dice determines the trajectory of the elastic band, as well as its stretch in space.

The 6-sided die gives the first coordinate which designates the corresponding square, from 1 to 6 with 1 being the first square around the starting point.

Once on a designated square:

The first and the second square have 8 possible different directions each. I will therefore use the 8-sided die for these squares. The numbers from 1 to 8 will give me the 2nd coordinate on the designated square, which will define the trajectory of my spatial drawing.

On the third, fourth and sixth square, there are 16 possible new directions. I will therefore use a 16-sided die. The numbers from 1 to 16 will give me the 2nd coordinate on the designated square, which in turn will define the trajectory of my spatial drawing.

On the fifth square, there are 32 possible new directions. I will therefore use the 32-sided die. The numbers from 1 to 32 will give me the 2nd coordinate on the designated square, which defines the trajectory of my spatial drawing.


  1. Choose your starting point on the grid and document it by writing ‘0’ next to your chosen nail.
  2. Enter your name, as well as the time (from the clock) and date of your participation in one of the squares around your chosen point of reference.
  3. Throw the 6-sided die to determine the number of moves you will perform.
  4. Throw the 8-sided die to determine the direction of your first move. Eight directions determined by the 8 nails around the chosen point of reference.
  5. Throw the 20-sided die to determine the coordinates or length of this first move.
  6. Throw the 8-sided and 20-sided as many times as the 6-sided die indicated.


If the number on the 20-sided die exceeds the number of coordinates available on the grid and the participant reaches the edge of the grid, he or she will need to reverse their course and finish counting the remaining points in the reverse direction of their track.

Not about the theory of special relativity: “It embodies a whole new way of looking at the world, a whole attitude to reality and our relationship to it. Suddenly, the rigid unchanging cosmos is swept away and replaced with a personal world, related to what you observe.” Bill Murray, particle physicist at the CERN laboratory in Geneva.

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