Rien ne se perd, rien ne se cree, tout se transforme

Study of Space and Time 2016 – 2017

The Grid

Agnes Martin talks about her paintings of grids: ‘My paintings have neither objects nor space nor time nor anything – no forms. They are light, lightness, about merging, about formlessness, breaking down form.’ Agnes Marin, 1966.

Grid = repetition = duration = now = timelessness = formlessness = breaking down form = nothingness = lightness = ground = 0

However, the grid also allows for measurements and defines form: Labour + Matter + Time =  Form (3D) in Space (existence defined by coordinates on grid) The grid is a regular, calibrated system, a matrix that defines positioning, as well as measurements of objects and people. It holds potential.

Time Mapping

A repeated gesture that leaves a trace over time takes up space: Time passing (Duration) + energy (gesture/labour) + matter (trace) = drawing in space

Duration + labour + trace = form in space

First law of thermodynamic: ‘Rien ne se perd, rien ne se cree, tout se transforme.’

Ref: On Kawara (Today), Tehching Hsieh (Punching the Clock) and Roman Opalka’s Program

Which Coordinates?

Which Coordinates? depicts space and time intertwined in various layers.

This piece depicts the family movements over Christmas week. It is a response to Opalka’s life long work and Tehching Hsieh’s Time Clock piece. He said ‘Every time is different but also the same thing’ (2014): We follow routines, we stick to pathways, we repeat the same steps time and time again mostly over the same ground, like the hands on the face of a clock. We ‘spend’ the time, we mark it and we experience it.


The contour of each journey is traced using Morse code to describe the destination of the trip.

The visual representations of space and time are intertwined with an ambiguity between the numeric representation of dates and time integrated with the diagram of the journey in a topographic presentation.

Each person is represented by a dot.

Each photo frame equates to a Morse code letter. A total of 725 different frames were captured to resolve this piece, showing the progression of each journey and the gathering of people.

The steps evoked by the Morse code mark the passing of time at the selected rate of the animation, as would a metronome.

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